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       患病的苦楚也可以经由过程适当的治疗和将就照料护士获得减缓

the global burden of cancer is shifting dramatically. once considered a disease of the wealthy, it now has a significant impact in every region, and the greatest proportional increases in cases in the coming years are predicted to be in the poorest corners of the world. worldwide, an estimated 14.1 million new cancer cases were diagnosed in 2012 and 8.2 million cancer deaths.
举世的癌症包袱有了伟大年夜转变以昔人们把癌症视为“富人病”
       现在这种病却给举世带来了伟大年夜影响未来几年中
       患癌比例的最高增幅估计会呈现在世界上最穷的地区2012年举世新增癌症病例约1410万例
       逝世亡患者达820万人

in an analysis that maps the world's hot spots for cancer, epidemiologist lindsey torre found a tremendous heterogeneity in which forms of the disease are most commonly diagnosed in different countries.
在举世癌症热点散播图中
       盛行病学家林德赛·托尔发清楚明了一种极不平均的散播特征——各国常患癌症的类型各不相同

among the most significant trends they identified is a growing inequality between high-income countries and lower-income countries in cancer diagnoses — with cancer rates declining in high-income countries but rising in lower-income countries.
他们发明
       最凸起的一个趋势就是高收入国家和低收入国家在患癌率上越来越不均衡——高收入国家的癌症患病率下降
       而低收入国家的癌症患病率上升

the difference is especially striking in lung, colorectal and breast cancer. better screening, early detection and access to treatment plus a decrease in risk factors like smoking probably explain part of the positive trend among the high-income countries.
此中
       以肺癌、结肠癌和乳腺癌的差距尤甚或许更好的筛查前提、早发明早治疗以及类似抽烟等诱因的削减能解释高收入国家癌症患病率下降的缘故原由

as for the rising cancer rates in lower-income countries, "it's related to the adoption of a western lifestyle," torre explained in an interview. "people are less active," she said. "there is less manual labor and more use of transport. they have access to perhaps more appealing but less healthy foods."
托尔在一次采访中说道
       至于低收入国家的癌症患病率为什么越来越高
       “或许是与采纳西方的生活要领有关”他说道
       “人们的运动越来越少体力劳动削减
       交通对象的应用增多
       人们还可以吃到更厚味但并不是那么康健的食品”

developing countries also bear a disproportionate burden of infection-related cancers related to the stomach bug helicobacter pylori, hepatitis and human papillomavirus (hpv)‎.
在幽门螺杆菌、肝炎和人乳头瘤病毒(hpv)等能致使肠胃细菌感染的感染性相关癌症上
       成长中国家的包袱也并不均衡

addressing this inequality is critical, the researchers wrote in the journal cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention, because "a large proportion of cancers can be prevented through measures including tobacco control, vaccination, early detection, and promotion of healthy lifestyles."
钻研职员在期刊《癌症盛行病学、生物标记及预防》上写道
       办理不均衡征象至关紧张
       由于“采取预防步伐能大年夜幅削减癌症患病率
       比如控烟、接种疫苗、赶早发明和推广康健的生活要领”

"in addition, the burden of suffering can be reduced through appropriate treatment and palliative care. to apply these cancer control measures equitably around the world, a concerted effort will be required not only from individual country governments but also from international agencies, donors, civil society," they said.
他们还说道
       “此外要想在举世范围内均衡地推广这些管控手段
       不仅必要各国政府的同心合力
       国际机构、捐赠者和公夷易近社会也要倾力相助”

torre and her colleagues at the american cancer society analyzed incidence and mortality data for 2003-2007 from the international agency for research on cancer databases and mortality data from the world health organization through 2012. they selected 50 countries selected to represent various regions of the world and focused on eight major cancers.
托尔和来自美国癌症学会的几位同事阐发了国际癌症钻研机构的数据库中
       2003年-2007年癌症患者的发病率和逝世亡率
       还钻研了天下卫生组织2012年的逝世亡率数据他们选出50个散播在世界各地的国家
       并动手查询造访这些国家中八种主要癌症的发病环境

among males, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in most countries, with the exception of those in eastern europe where lung cancer is the no. 1 cancer. among females, breast cancer is the most common among those in north america, europe and oceania. there's more diversity in asia, where lung cancer ranks first in china and north korea, liver in laos and mongolia and thyroid in south korea.
男性中
       大年夜多半国家最常确诊的癌症是前列腺癌
       但东欧地区发病率最高的却是肺癌女性中
       北美、欧洲和大年夜洋洲发病率最高的是乳腺癌亚洲癌症发病的类型较多
       中国和朝鲜排名第一的癌症是肺癌
       老挝和蒙古则是肝癌
       韩国是甲状腺癌

vocabulary

heterogeneity: 不平均性
colorectal: 结肠直肠的
palliative care: 将就治疗
       临终关切
thyroid: 甲状腺

英文滥觞:华盛顿邮报
译者:许楠楠
审校&编辑:丹妮

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